ECOTONES 4 Kolkata, 12-15 Dec 2018
Venues: Jadavpur University and West Bengal State University
Dates: 12-15 December, 2018
Deadline to send a proposal: January 15, 2018
Notification of acceptance: March 15, 2018
In this conference we will explore how a region functions through history as a transitional space between two ecologies. Do these ecotone spaces echo the distinct notes of its two borders, or do these spaces create a unique melody of their own and constitute a third space? How do these ecotone spaces reflect the dynamic flow of people into and out of its precincts? Do they have essential attributes that impact the people who call the ecotone their home? The studies on the culture and the geography of these areas will also enquire into the vulnerability of the ecosystems and of the populations in these areas, the former experiencing a persistent burden from the latter who source their livelihoods from their habitat, while the latter have to bear the brunt of myriad forms of assault.
During its centuries-old history, the region of Bengal has been a space that, like the people who inhabit it, came to be dynamic in nature. This has been a space that has, through history, granted refuge to many — a history that was made possible because of its unique geographical terrain, making it, paradoxically, both easy to access and difficult to monitor. This aspect has been accentuated by the political position of this ecotone area, situated between two nations, and on the Bay that opens into South-east Asia.
Bengal is a transitional zone where the urban and urbane space of North India dissolve into the marshy, rural world of the Gangetic delta; it is a transcultural zone where the racial and cultural ‘purity’ of Brahminical and Mughal India gave way to a syncretic mixture of languages, cultures and ethnicities; it is a transcolonial zone where French, British and other European interests intersected and creolized. This plurality can be seen reflected in the cultural and religious practices, in popular and classical art forms, in public institutions and architecture, as well as in the folklores and customs of the place.
In order to explore the ecotonal nature of the territory from an interdisciplinary perspective, the conference will identify geographical areas, environmental concerns, historical periods and cultural fields which have been ecotone areas of conflict, confluence and transition.
The conference will work at three distinct levels:
a) academic — with scholarly papers that analyse the historical, political, socio-cultural and anthropological aspects of the area;
b) cultural — through story-telling via folklore, textile cultures, songs and pats (pictures);
c) performative / auto-ethnographic — first-person accounts of people who have either arrived or transited through the area driven by a diversity of reasons ranging from those of livelihood, to that of natural and man-made calamities.
We hope the strong regional focus will give a specificity to the conference, which may then be useful in comprehending the patterns of human behaviour and history so as to arrive at theoretical or thematic understanding of ecotone areas, in Bengal and elsewhere.
We invite scholars for a 20-minute presentation of their papers, followed by discussion time. All methodological and theoretical approaches are welcomed. We also invite creative interventions suggesting fresh topics. The proposal should include name, title of Paper/Presentation including a suggested theme, a 250-word description, and a short biography with contact information (150 words). A selection of papers will be considered for publication at the conclusion of the series of Ecotones events in 2019.
Partner universities for this conference will be Jadavpur University (India), West Bengal State University (India), Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3 (France), Université de Poitiers (France).
Prof. Sucheta Bhattacharya, Department of Comp Lit, Jadavpur University email@example.com
Prof. Sipra Mukherjee, English Department, West Bengal State University
Dr. Urvi Mukhopadhyay, History Department, West Bengal State University firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-convenors of ‘Ecotones’
Dr Thomas Lacroix (MIGRINTER, CNRS, Université de Poitiers) email@example.com
Dr Judith Misrahi-Barak (EMMA, Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3, France) firstname.lastname@example.org
Prof. Maggi Morehouse (Coastal Carolina University, SC, USA) email@example.com
Indian Ocean: Ecotones, Contact Zones, and Third Spaces
Observatory for Indian Ocean Societies
University of Reunion Island
in partnership with
EMMA (Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3) and MIGRINTER (CNRS-Université de Poitiers)
June 14-15, 2018
CALL FOR PAPERS
An “ecotone” initially designates a transitional area between two ecosystems, for example between land and sea. The “Ecotones” program (2015-20) is a cycle of conferences which aims to borrow this term traditionally used in geography and ecology and to broaden the concept by applying it to other disciplines in social sciences and humanities. An “ecotone” can thus be understood as a geocultural space of encounters, conflicts, and renewal between several communities.
The objective of the “Ecotones 3” conference is to further study these ecotones from an interdisciplinary approach, with a particular focus on the Indian Ocean as a space of mobility and a “contact zone” (Mary Louis Pratt). The exploration of geocultural ecotones, perceived not as mere lines of demarcation and fracture, but also as in-between spaces where tensions are at work, highlights the porosity and instability of socio-cultural boundaries in a changing world. The interstice then becomes a “third space” (Homi Bhabha) that promotes cultural mixing and diversity, the emergence of new composite entities/identities, hybrid alterities resulting from encounters and conflicts. Oppositions, clashes and other frictions should certainly not be overlooked. In the midst of these historical and cultural interplays in the Indian Ocean region, the notion of vulnerability (individual and collective exposure, as well as social and political vulnerability) must also be foregrounded. This fragility can be perceived as a source of potential risks; it can also lead to greater resilience, which requires awareness of this very fragility. The urgency of protecting endangered ecosystems must not make us forget that populations, that are also at risk, are closely linked to these ecosystems. The concept of “slow violence” (Rob Nixon) can certainly be useful in this context. New approaches are also needed to understand how the Indian Ocean region can offer insights into the evolution of the world in which we live at the beginning of the 21st century.
Possible topics might include, but are not limited to:
-In Social Sciences:
-colonial and postcolonial histories: power relations and tensions between communities in multicultural societies and the emergence of “third spaces” where identities are renewed through negotiation;
-the process of transculturation related to voluntary or forced migration, the processes of creolization, borrowing, syncretism, and cross-pollination;
-cultural divides and identity cleavages, modes of opposition and resistance, avoidance strategies;
-migratory processes, the sociology of cities, towns, and neighborhoods;
-interactions between cities and nature, ecological neighborhoods and other alternative hybrid areas;
-spatial planning, the urbanization of agricultural land and the emergence of a liminal third space;
-the mutations of fragile natural environments and latent threats; economic development and environmental protection of coastal areas and insular regions.
-In the Arts and Literature:
-the Other in multicultural societies: artistic and literary representations of “contact zones,” encounters and clashes, negotiations and adjustments, crises and conflicts;
-colonial literature as “contact literature” (travel narratives, etc.);
-the production of a hybrid aesthetic, between appropriation of and resistance to dominant models: processes of creolization, métissage, grafting, subversion, and revision;
-ecocriticism, the poetics of space and ecotones.
-In Linguistics and Creolistics:
-the circulation of languages in the Indian Ocean;
-the processes of “abrogation” and “appropriation” of colonial languages;
-vernacular languages in postcolonial societies;
-the intersections between orature and literature;
We invite contributors to upload their proposals (a 250-word abstract, title, author’s name, a 150-word bio, and contact) to the conference website:
Each presentation will be 20 minutes (followed by discussion time).
A selection of papers will be considered for publication at the conclusion of the series of Ecotones events.
Venue: University of Reunion Island
Dates: June 14-15, 2018
Languages: French and English
Deadline for submitting a proposal: December 15, 2017.
Notification of acceptance: February 1, 2018.
“Ecotones 3” 0rganizing Committee
Corinne Duboin (DIRE, Université de La Réunion)
Anne-Cécile Koenig-Le Ribeuz (DIRE, Université de La Réunion)
Yvon Rolland (DIRE, Université de La Réunion)
Eileen Williams-Wanquet (DIRE, Université de La Réunion)
Marc Arino (DIRE, Université de La Réunion)
Markus Arnold (LCF, Ecole Supérieure des Arts de La Réunion)
Corinne Duboin (DIRE, Université de La Réunion)
Thomas Lacroix (MIGRINTER, CNRS-Poitiers)
Carpanin Marimoutou (LCF, Université de La Réunion)
Judith Misrahi-Barak (EMMA, Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3)
Srilata Ravi (University of Alberta)
François Taglioni (CREGUR/OIES, Université de La Réunion)
“Ecotones” Program Coordinators
Thomas Lacroix (MIGRINTER, CNRS-Poitiers) firstname.lastname@example.org
Judith Misrahi-Barak (EMMA, Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3) email@example.com
Maggi Morehouse (Coastal Carolina University) firstname.lastname@example.org